Categories Vision

Glaucoma: A Serious Eye Disease

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve, the part of the eye that carries visual information to the brain. This damage can lead to vision loss, and in some cases, blindness.

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a serious eye disease that can cause vision loss. It is caused by increased pressure inside the eye, which damages the optic nerve. The optic nerve is a bundle of nerves that carries images from the eye to the brain. When the optic nerve is damaged, it can lead to vision loss.

What are the symptoms of glaucoma?

In the early stages, glaucoma often has no symptoms. As the disease progresses, you may notice:

  • Blurred vision
  • Tunnel vision (seeing only a small part of your field of vision)
  • Blind spots (areas of your field of vision that you cannot see)
  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Who is at risk for glaucoma?

Anyone can develop glaucoma, but certain factors increase your risk, including:

  • Age. Glaucoma is more common in older adults.
  • Family history. If you have a family history of glaucoma, you are at increased risk.
  • Race. African Americans are more likely to develop glaucoma than Caucasians.
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • A history of eye injuries

How is glaucoma diagnosed?

Glaucoma is diagnosed with a comprehensive eye exam. Our doctors will measure your intraocular pressure (IOP), which is the pressure inside your eye. They will also check your visual field, which is the area of your vision that you can see. If your IOP is high or you have a visual field defect, your doctor may recommend further testing, such as a gonioscopy or an OCT scan.

How is glaucoma treated?

There is no cure for glaucoma, but it can be treated. Treatment is aimed at lowering your IOP, which can help slow or stop the progression of the disease. There are a number of different treatments available, including:

  • Eye drops. Eye drops are the most common treatment for glaucoma. They work by reducing the amount of fluid that is produced in the eye.
  • Surgery. If eye drops are not effective, your doctor may recommend surgery. There are a number of different types of surgery available, and your doctor will recommend the type of surgery that is best for you.

How can I prevent glaucoma?

There is no sure way to prevent glaucoma, but there are a number of things you can do to reduce your risk, including:

  • Have regular eye exams. The earlier glaucoma is diagnosed, the better the chances of preventing vision loss.
  • Control your blood pressure. High blood pressure can increase your risk of developing glaucoma.
  • Control your diabetes. Diabetes can increase your risk of developing glaucoma.
  • Quit smoking. Smoking can increase your risk of developing glaucoma.
  • Eat a healthy diet. Eating a healthy diet can help reduce your risk of developing glaucoma.
  • Exercise regularly. Exercise can help reduce your risk of developing glaucoma.

What should I do if I think I have glaucoma?

If you think you may have glaucoma, it is important to see an eye doctor right away. Glaucoma is a serious eye disease, but it can be treated. The earlier glaucoma is diagnosed, the better the chances of preventing vision loss.

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Glaucoma is a serious eye disease
Categories Eye Care, Vision
Dr. Grasic - Your eye health is our concern

The Importance of Annual Diabetic Eye Exams: Safeguarding Your Vision

Title: The Importance of Annual Diabetic Eye Exams: Safeguarding Your Vision

Today, we’re delving into a crucial topic for individuals living with diabetes—the significance of annual diabetic eye exams. Your eye health plays a vital role in maintaining a high quality of life, and regular check-ups are key to detecting and managing potential issues. Join us as we explore the importance of these exams, incorporating insights from the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) and the American Heart Association (AHA), reputable sources in the field.

  1. Understanding the Impact of Diabetes on Eye Health: According to the AAO, diabetes can affect various parts of the body, including the eyes. High blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels in the retina, leading to a condition called diabetic retinopathy. This retinal disease is the most common cause of vision loss among people with diabetes1. By familiarizing yourself with the impact of diabetes on eye health, you gain a better understanding of the importance of proactive measures such as annual eye exams.
  2. Detecting Silent Threats: Diabetic Retinopathy: One of the greatest challenges with diabetic eye complications is their often silent nature. Diabetic retinopathy may not present noticeable symptoms until it reaches an advanced stage, making early detection critical. The AAO emphasizes the importance of regular eye exams to detect diabetic retinopathy early when treatment options are most effective1. These exams allow eye care professionals to examine the retina and identify signs of diabetic retinopathy, enabling timely intervention and preventing irreversible vision loss.
  3. Comprehensive Eye Exams: More Than Just Diabetic Retinopathy: While the focus of annual diabetic eye exams is on diabetic retinopathy, they serve a broader purpose. The AAO notes that these exams also help identify other eye conditions that may be associated with diabetes, such as cataracts and glaucoma1. The AHA points out that people with diabetes have a higher risk of developing cataracts, clouding the lens of the eye. Additionally, diabetes increases the risk of glaucoma, a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve2. By addressing these issues early on, appropriate treatments and management strategies can be implemented to preserve your eye health.
  4. Tailored Treatment Plans: Maximizing Outcomes: Early detection of diabetic retinopathy and other eye conditions allows for the development of personalized treatment plans. The AAO explains that treatment options for diabetic retinopathy include laser therapy, injections, and surgery, depending on the stage and severity of the disease1. Timely interventions significantly increase the chances of preserving your vision. Through annual eye exams, healthcare providers can tailor treatment strategies specifically to your needs, maximizing the potential for positive outcomes.
  5. Embracing a Holistic Approach to Diabetes Management: Taking care of your eyes goes hand in hand with managing diabetes effectively. The AHA emphasizes that controlling blood sugar levels is crucial for preventing or delaying the onset of diabetic eye disease2. Alongside regular exercise, balanced nutrition, and monitoring blood sugar levels, annual diabetic eye exams form a vital part of a holistic approach to diabetes care. Prioritizing your eye health contributes to your overall well-being and enhances your ability to live a fulfilling life.

Conclusion: Your eyesight is a precious gift, and preserving it requires proactive steps. Annual diabetic eye exams are essential for individuals living with diabetes, providing early detection, tailored treatment plans, and the opportunity to address potential complications promptly. By making these exams a priority, you invest in your future well-being and ensure that you can enjoy the world through clear vision. We have specialists to help. Don’t wait—schedule your annual diabetic eye exam today!

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  1. American Academy of Ophthalmology. (n.d.). Diabetic Retinopathy. Retrieved from 2 3 4
  2. American Heart Association. (n.d.). Diabetes and Your Eyes. Retrieved from 2